Problema con Apache

Buongiorno, sono un nuovo utente del forum e non solo, ma nuovo anche di Linux, posso dire che non so nulla…

Ho installato su un PC Windows 10 Oracle VM VirtualBox 6.1.

Sul VM ho caricato Fedora Linux localhost.localdomain 5.4.13-201.fc31.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jan 21 17:21:47 UTC 2020 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux.

Su Windows ho configurato Apache con DocumentRoot “d:\www” e funziona perfettamente.
Sul VM ho condiviso la stessa cartella con mount “/media/www”
Su Linux riesco ad accedere alla cartella sia da GUI sia da terminale.

Apache su Linux era già installato, ho fatto partire e abilitato il servizio; con Firefox su localhost mi appare la pagina di fedora Webserver Test Page. Mi sono detto tutto funzionante…

Ho aperto il file httpd.conf ho modificato la DocumentRoot “/media/www” e salvato.
Ho fermato, fatto ripartire e abilitato il servizio ma con FireFox continuo a vedere la pagina “fedora Webserver Test Page” e non il mio file index.html.
Ho provato a cancellare i cookie e la cronologia di Firefox, ma non cambia nulla

Dove sto sbagliando?
Grazie

Ciao,
ci puoi condividere l’output dell’httpd.conf e la versione di apache?

Grazie

Grazie per l’interessamento.

Scusa l’ignoranza, ma cosa dovrei condividere?

La versione di Apache l’ho recuperata: Server version: Apache/2.4.41 (Fedora)

[quote=egialma]Grazie per l’interessamento.

Scusa l’ignoranza, ma cosa dovrei condividere?

La versione di Apache l’ho recuperata: Server version: Apache/2.4.41 (Fedora)[/quote]

Accedi alla directory in cui risiede il file httpd.conf (da terminale), quindi:

 cat httpd.conf 

Buongiorno, ho fatto, ecco il file httpd.conf funzionante che punta alla directory “/var/www/html”

# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# See the httpd.conf(5) man page for more information on this configuration,
# and httpd.service(8) on using and configuring the httpd service.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so 'log/access_log'
# with ServerRoot set to '/www' will be interpreted by the
# server as '/www/log/access_log', where as '/log/access_log' will be
# interpreted as '/log/access_log'.
#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
# least PidFile.

#
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
Include conf.modules.d/*.conf

#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User apache
Group apache

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. [email protected]
#
ServerAdmin [email protected]

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName http://www.example.com:80

#
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
# <Directory> blocks below.
#
# Con questa direttiva impediamo l'accesso dal browser web all'intero 
# del server cioè alla root "/"
#
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all denied
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

#
# Relax access to content within /var/www.
#
<Directory "/var/www">
   AllowOverride None
   Require all granted
</Directory>

# Further relax access to the default document root:
<Directory "/var/www/html">

    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #

    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #

    Require all granted

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
# inserito index.php come altra pagina di default da aprire
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<Files ".ht*">
    Require all denied
</Files>

#
# impedisce l'apertura di file che hanno come estensione 
# ".log", ".inc", ".sh", ".ini", oltre ai ".htaccess" e ".htpasswd"
#
<FilesMatch "\.(htaccess|htpasswd|ini|log|sh|inc)$">
   Order Deny,Allow
   Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
# "logs" è un alias di  "/var/log/httpd"
#
ErrorLog "logs/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>

    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #

    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>

      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O

      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    #CustomLog "logs/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    # "logs" è un alias di  "/var/log/httpd"
    #
    CustomLog "logs/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>

    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

#
# "/var/www/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
   AllowOverride None
   Options None
   Require all granted
</Directory>

<IfModule mime_module>

    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz

    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    AddType text/html .shtml
    AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# Specify a default charset for all content served; this enables
# interpretation of all content as UTF-8 by default.  To use the 
# default browser choice (ISO-8859-1), or to allow the META tags
# in HTML content to override this choice, comment out this
# directive:
#
# tipo di codifica dei caratteri utilizzato di default da Apache per visualizzare 
# le pagine web, usare questo per evitare problemi con la codifica caratteri particolari
#
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

<IfModule mime_magic_module>

    #
    # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
    # contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
    # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
    #
    MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
</IfModule>

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
# Defaults if commented: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
#
#EnableMMAP off
EnableSendfile on

# Supplemental configuration
#
# Load config files in the "/etc/httpd/conf.d" directory, if any.
#
# Tutti i file presenti in nella directory verranno inclusi
#
IncludeOptional conf.d/*.conf

La mia intenzione, come ho scritto in precedenza sarebbe quella di utilizzare come DocumentRoot la cartella condivisa che utilizzo con Apache di Windows, quindi ho apportato le seguenti modifiche

Ho modificato il gruppo di Apache da “apache” a “vboxsf” per accedere alle cartelle condivise

User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.

It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for

running httpd, as with most system services.

User apache
Group vboxsf

Ho modificato il DocumentRoot inserendo “web” al posto di “html” dove web in realtà è un link alle cartelle condivise /media/progetti_d/web

DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

DocumentRoot “/var/www/web”

Further relax access to the default document root:

<Directory “/var/www/web”>

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
#   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

Ho creato un link alla carella condivisa a cui riesco ad accedere sia da GUI, sia da terminale.
Questo è il contenuto della cartella /var/www

totale 16
drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 30 gen 08.53 .
drwxr-xr-x. 22 root root 4096 24 ott 01.16 …
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 21 nov 18.18 cgi-bin
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 29 gen 18.08 html
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 21 30 gen 08.53 web -> /media/progetti_d/web

All’interno di /media/progetti_d/web c’è il mio file index.html
Questo tentativo non ha funzionato, mi appare la pagina di fedora Webserver Test Page

Ho fatto un’altro tentativo

Ho modificato il DocumentRoot inserendo “/media/progetti_d/web” puntando direttamente alle cartelle condivise /media/progetti_d/web

DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

DocumentRoot “/media/progetti_d/web”

Further relax access to the default document root:

<Directory “/media/progetti_d/web”>

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
#   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

Riecso ad accedere alle due cartelle condivise sia da GUI, sia da terminale

Questo è il contenuto della cartella /media

totale 16
drwxrwxr-x. 4 root vboxsf 4096 30 gen 09.39 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 18 root root 4096 28 gen 14.33 …
drwxrwx—. 1 root vboxsf 0 17 gen 22.54 doc_d
drwxrwx—. 1 root vboxsf 4096 29 gen 08.31 progetti_d

All’interno di /media/progetti_d/web c’è il mio file index.html
Anche questo tentativo non ha funzionato, mi appare sempre la pagina di fedora Webserver Test Page

Ho fatto un’altro tentativo…

Ho modificato il DocumentRoot inserendo “/media”

DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your

documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but

symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

DocumentRoot “/media”

Further relax access to the default document root:

<Directory “/media”>

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
#   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

Questo è il contenuto della cartella /media

totale 16
drwxrwxr-x. 4 root vboxsf 4096 30 gen 09.39 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 18 root root 4096 28 gen 14.33 …
drwxrwx—. 1 root vboxsf 0 17 gen 22.54 doc_d
-rwxrwxrwx. 1 root vboxsf 158 30 gen 09.39 index.html
drwxrwx—. 1 root vboxsf 4096 29 gen 08.31 progetti_d

Qui ho spostato il mio file index.html

Anche questo tentativo non ha funzionato, mi appare sempre la pagina di fedora Webserver Test Page
Ho terminato i tentativi a mia disposizione, dove sto sbagliando?
L’unica cosa che a funzionato è lasciare la DocumentRoot di default
Ma quello che vorrei fare è fattibile?
Grazie

Non me ne intendo molto, però penso che il problema in questo caso sia il link alla cartella condivisa.
Prova a specificare anche il file, quindi: “/media/progetti_d/web/index.html”

Ciao egialma, benvenuto nel forum.
Modifica il tuo messaggio precedente usando la sintassi bbcode per i blocchi di codice:

[code]cosi'[/code]